Extraction: An extraction is the removal of a tooth (or teeth) that is non-restorable, non-useful, or harmful to the patient. There exists many systemic precautions that should be discussed. Post extraction precautions include some of the following:
- Pressure-bite on gauze or sponge over extraction site for at least 45 minutes after extractions.
- No rinsing or mouthwash use for at least 24 hours post extractions.
- Avoid any pressure that may dissolve clot such as using straws, smoking, etc.
- Avoid brushing the first 24 hours.
- Avoid alcohol for a few days.
- Place ice on the face for 20 minutes, alternating with 5 minutes off, for a period of 8 hours
If bleeding persists, it is important to call your dentist. If sutures were placed after extraction it is important to return for removal of sutures and to evaluate healing. If swelling occurs (which often happens after extractions), it can be minimized by immediately placing ice on the side of the extraction. Ice should be used only on the day of surgery. For pain and infections, your dentist may prescribe oral pain medications and/or antibiotics.